Walleye (sander viterus) is a species of fish native to Canada and the northern United States. Walleye live in freshwater and are a perciform fish. Walleye are also called yellow walleye at times to distinguish it from blue walleye, which went extinct in the 1980s in the Great Lakes of North America. Walleye emerge from their eggs at about 1 1/2 to 2 inches in the late spring and can reach as much as 6 inches by fall. Their diet changes quickly as they begin to grow, changing from invertebrates to other fish. Technically walleye never stop growing and have a vicious appetite.
Walleye are solitary fish, but there has been examples of them working in cooperation to capture prey. In clear water walleye will be found resting close to the bottom and searching for prey from the surface to the bottom during the evening. In water that is murky they tend to feed along the bottom throughout the entire day. You can easily identify a walleye (sander viterus) by its colors and color patterns. They are olive and gold in color, the dorsal fin is olive, grading into a gold hue on the flanks. They have five darker saddles that extend to the upper sides that break up the olive/gold pattern and the white color shades on the belly. Walleye have a very large mouth with razor sharp teeth.
Walleye Fishing Tips, Tricks and Techniques
The below section is why you probably came to this web page in the first place, it contains our walleye fishing tips. We put together these tips by searching the internet for the most successful tips for walleye fishing. Many of the below tips were sent to us by anglers and if you have a walleye tip that you'd like to share you can use our submit a fishing tip form.
Use a Light Line - By using a light line (4 lbs. to 6 lbs. test) you'll get less resistance and drag when using a lure. This lets the walleye suck in the lure more easily and prevents you from getting a short strike. Remember, walleye inhale their prey most of the time and if that flow is prevented you'll get a short strike.
Don't Forget About Minnows - Minnows are one of the best live baits to use to catch walleye, especially when the water in cool and clear. A 2" to 4" minnow is sufficient when hooked behind the dorsal fin or through the lips by a #1 to #4 hook. Make sure to add a few split shots to your line and slowly reel in after you cast, only a turn or two per rep.
Use a Bottom Bouncing Rig - An L-shaped bottom bouncing rig is a great way to fish for walleye. As you retrieve your line the rig will bounce up and down off the bottom. This is a great way to attract walleye and give them an opportunity to do a hard strike, just make sure you go slow and steady.
Scent Matters - The presentation of your bait/lure/jig is very important, but so is the scent. Do your best to avoid getting manmade and unnatural scents on your rig, this can easily tip off a walleye that something isn't right.
Stealth is Vital - When fishing for walleye from a boat you need to remember that walleye can detect when a boat pulls up, especially when it's gas powered. Instead try coasting into your walleye hotspot from 40' to 50' out. You don't want to give yourself away!
Walleye Fishing Records
Do you ever wonder what the current record is for walleye? If you have then you're in luck, we've displayed that information below. The below world record walleye information came from the IGFA (International Game Fish Association) at the time this content was written. It always amazes us how long ago some of these fishing records were set. That is just more proof that we need to practice more catch and release with walleye and prevent the destruction of their environment.
Mabry Happer caught a walleye in Old Hickory Lake in Tennessess, USA on August 2nd 1960 that weighted 11.34 kg (25 lbs. 0 oz.)
If you just need some quick facts about walleye then the section below is perfect for you. We put together these walleye facts to make it easy for anglers to get the information they need about walleye. We use averages to give anglers a more realistic expectation when fishing for walleye. Remember, those monster walleye you hear about only make up about 1% of the entire walleye population.
Scientific Name: Walleye (sander viterus)
Nickname(s): Colored pike, pickerel, yellow pike and yellow walleye