“Male deer owning only ‘spike’ antler points can never amount to quality bucks.”
Research indicates that while spike bucks are unlikely to turn into record-book-caliber bucks, with proper nutrition and enough time to age, these same spikes can turn into something most hunters would be proud to harvest.
Button-bucks and nubbin-bucks are not spikes
First let’s define what a spike is for those who are in the lack-of-know for what “spike” actually means. A spike is usually classified as a deer that is one to one-and-a-half years old that has two hardened antlers that do not fork or branch. Let’s be clear, this is not a “button-buck” or a “nubbin-buck” whose head has skin-covered bumps, “nubbies” or “buttons” on his head.
The prevalence of spike bucks in a local deer herd can be attributed to myriad factors. Most commonly, deer density stress and poor habitat will cause a preponderance of spike bucks. However, given enough time, say 2-3 years, spike bucks will “catch up” and produce decent-sized racks – or as I call it, branchiness (branch E nes).
Some management-conscious hunters promote shooting spikes to improve the quality of the deer on your property. They figure if a buck is about 1.5 years and is sporting spikes, land owners should harvest such deer to conserve the nutritional resources of the land for the robust boys and to lower the genetic factor of spikes reproducing. Scientific research does not support this kind of barstool biology. There are just too many factors that affect antler growth. What’s more, the few studies that show lukewarm support for such theories originate from areas like South Texas that are completely different than the rest of Whitetail America.
In short, one cannot assume a spike buck is the product of inferior genetics. As has been shown many times on the pages of Deer & Deer Hunting over the past 38 years, yearling spike bucks can and do grow Boone-and-Crockett-class racks if given time and ample nutrition on quality habitat.
I guess it works the same for deer as it does for humans.
Genetics, nutrition and age define antler growth
Antler development is genetically based and not all deer have the same genetic potential. However, a buck can only reach monster rack status with the right genetics and proper nutrition and age. And proper nutrition is more than just apples and acorns – their diet should be at least 15% protein with adequate amounts of calcium and phosphorus for “maximum antler branchiness.”
Antler size can be semi-controlled (I say this lightly) by planting rich and robust food plots on your property and by letting smaller bucks run free for a few more years. It’s really genetics that is the most unchangeable factor. If a deer’s genes have it in the cards for small antlers, no amount of nutritious food or endless roaming is going to make him a monster non-typical buck.
Sex is always important
Each sex, doe and buck, provides approximately 50 percent of the genes for that next generation deer. In fact, some studies have shown that the white-tailed doe can be 60 percent responsible for her male offspring’s potential.
That being said, when is the last time you were able to look at a doe and say, “Yeah, let’s take her out of the mix. She carries the ‘spike-only’ gene.” Since it is virtually impossible to spot a doe with the ‘spike gene,’ we have to focus on the bucks that show their genes visibly.
If you’re an antler-obsessed property owner, I guess you could hope that a branchy-monster buck would mate with several does to pass on to his progeny. Further research indicates that a free-ranging buck has the energy and opportunity to get lucky with a dozen does in a lifetime.
So how many years does it take for a buck to reach his plateau for antler growth? About 5 years. After that, the antlers begin to decrease in quality. If you’re a good “age-gauger,” look for bucks between 4 to 5 years.
I’m not a spike shooter
When it comes down to it, genetics, nutrition, and age all play an equally important role in antler development. Shooting—or not shooting—a spike is a personal choice for some, and for others it is more of a land management and conservation decision. I’m not a spike shooter myself. Rather, I spend those moments studying a spike’s behavior so I can learn more about these interesting creatures.